Showing posts from January, 2008

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Phenotype for - Sami & Basque peoples

Blue Eyes: North Europe - Sami
Green Eyes: North / Eastern Europe - Sami
Blonde Hair: North Europe - Sami
Fair Skin: North Europe - Sami

Brown/Hazel Eyes: Western Europe - Basque
Dark Brown Hair: Western Europe - Basque
Light Brown Skin/Tanned Skin: Western Europe - Basque

Sami of northern Scandinavia


Basque people of France and Spain - Basque Tribes


Society - Ethnicity: U5a1a & R1b1c*

Society - Ethnicity - Sami: U5a1a

Lapponia / Samiland

The Sámi or Saami are the native inhabitants of northern Scandinavia. The terms Lapp and Lappish are to be avoided. The Sami country, Lapponia or Sápmi, is divided between four states: Finland (Suopma in Sami), Norway (Norga), Sweden (Ruotta) and Russia (Ruossa). There are about 70,000 Sami in Scandinavia. In Norway, between 40,000 and 45,000. Sweden about 17,000, Finland around 5,700 and Russia approx. 2,000. The Sami language (of the Finno-Ugric group) is not just one, but a set of different languages. Some count three distinct languages: East Sami, Central Sami and South Sami, with Central Sami including North Sami, Pite Sami and Lule Sami. In other accounts up to 11 Sami languages are listed. Not all ethnic Sami speak their language. Just 20.000 in Norway, in Finland around 3,000, in Sweden 10,000 and in Russia about 1,000. Most Sami speakers speak North Sami.

The Sami people (also Sámi, Saami, Lapps, sometimes also Laplanders) ar…

Sami of northern Scandinavia & Basque people of France and Spain

# the Sami of northern Scandinavia (marginalized by Finnish and North Germanic expansion) - U5a1a

# the Basque people of France and Spain (marginalized by Latin/Western Romance expansion) - R1b1c*

I share histories with: Latin, Finnic, Celtic, and Germanic Europe.

I share histories with: Latin, Finnic, Celtic, and Germanic Europe.

Indigenous peoples of Europe:

Y-DNA: R1b1c* AMH

The Basque people of northern Spain and southern France.

mtDNA: U5a1a

The Sami people of northern Scandinavia.

Latin Europe: R1b1c* AMH


Walloons: R1b1c* AMH

The name is derived from "walhaz", which was a term used by the ancient Germanic Tribes to refer to "Celtic" people. (Other modern derivatives of "walhaz" include "Welsh", "Wallis", and "Wallachia".) A more modern popular interpretation attributed to "Wallonia" is "the land of the valleys" (i.e., reading "wal-" as cognate with French "vallée", etc.), which has been used by the ministry of tourism in touristic road signs, typically in French as "pays des vallées". The part of Wallonia south and east of the Meuse is indeed remarkably hilly.

Recent genetic studies in Wa…

Atlantic modal haplotype (AMH).

Haplotype 1.15 is also modal in the Basques and constitutes 41% of the sample, rising to 56% for the cluster of one-step neighbors. This is called the Atlantic modal haplotype (AMH). In each of the Basque, Welsh, and Irish populations, a total of 89 to 90% of the chromosomes are in hg 1, which contains the M173-defined Eu18 hg, with the majority of the remainder in hg 2. The AMH and one-step neighbors are present in the target populations but only one chromosome from this group is found in the Near Eastern samples, and it is absent in India and Central Asia samples. There is no evidence, therefore, that incoming Neolithics or later immigrants originating in the Near East carried the AMH at frequencies as high as those characterizing the Atlantic populations.
Studies suggest the possibility of a Basque/Celtic connection since they show Irish and Basque populations falling very near one another on the first principal component axis, which reflects the spread of Neolithic farmers from th…