Saturday, June 14, 2008

Anglo-Norman families - Y-DNA: R1b1b2: M173+ M207+ M269+ M343+ P25+

Anglo-Norman families - Y-DNA: R1b1b2: M173+ M207+ M269+ M343+ P25+

Y-DNA: R1b1b2: 13-24-14-11-11-14-12-12-12-13-13-29


House of Livet (Levett);
House of Malet;
House of Clare;
House of Saint-Clair;
House of Aubigny (or of Albini); Bourgeois,
Bourgondiën, Bourgeois
House of Bellême; Bell
House of Bohun;
House of Lacy; Lacy-Hulbert
House of Mortimer; Mortimer Byrd
House of Montgommery; House of Montgomery
House of Saint-Clair; Sinclair

The Saint-Amand Connection Lines

Village of Livet in Normandy

The Kew Palace of Queen Carlota

The building now known as Kew Palace was originally a palace of

moderate proportions, as opposed to the old palace, known as Dutch

House. This was taken through a long lease, by George III to the

heirs of Sir Richard Levett, a powerful merchant and former Lord

Mayor of London, which had purchased the grandson of the original

owner, a Dutch merchant who had built the house in 1663.

Originally from Sussex, the family Levett (whose name comes from the

village of Livet, in Normandy) kept possession of the house, as well

as the land in the complex from Kew, until 1781, when the Dutch

House was purchased by King George III to the family Levett.

However, the house was occupied by members of the Royal Family since

1734, when the leased to the heirs of Levett. A map of 1771 defines

the land between the Dutch House and the river as belonging to

Barrister Levett Blackbourne, grandson of Sir Richard Levett. In

fact, a musical portrait of Frederick, Prince of Wales (son of

George II) playing cello, and their sisters, part of the collection

of the National Portrait Gallery in London, painted in oil on canvas

by Philip Mercier and dated 1733, uses the house as his background

in plein-air. In 1735, the architect William Kent produced a

grandiose plan for an extensive palace Palladiano in Kew, much in

the style of Stowe House, but this was never implemented.

Lucy Malet. She was the wife of Ivo de Tailbois. In a charter of her

husband, dated 1085, she gave the church of Spalding to the Priory

of St. Nicholas of Angers. Ivo de Tailbois, obit. 1114, was buried

in the Priory Church of Spalding. [Memoires Illustrative of the

County and City of Lincoln, Arch. Inst. GB&I, 1848.] 'A strong

confirmationof of the consanguinity of Lucy to the house of Malet is

the circumatances that the manor of Aulkborough, co. Lincoln,

belonging to Ivo de Tailbois at the Domesday survey, had previously

belonged to William Malet; and the severance of it from the barony

of his son can only be explained by a gift in frank-marriage by the

father in his lifetime.' [J. Gough Nichols, The Topographer and

Genealogist, p. 15, 1846.] Lucy Malet and Ivo de Tailbois had issue:

Beatrix de Tailbois, who married Ribald of Middleham, brother of

Alan, Earl of Richmond. Matilda de Tailbois, wife of Hugh

Fitz-Ranulph, brother of Ranulph, Earl of Chester. Lucy de Tailbois,

Countess of Chester, who m. [1] Roger de Romara, [2] the

aforementioned Ranulph, Earl of Chester. Issue by Roger de Romara:

William, Earl of Lincoln. Issue by Ranulph, Earl of Chester: Ranulph

de Gernons, Earl of Chester, who in 1152, as shown above, obtained

the inheritance of two 'uncles of his mother', namely Robert Malet

and Alan de Lincoln. He was poisoned to death in the following year

by William Peverell III., who had designs on the Earl's wife! The

result was a forfeitsure of the Peverell estates to the Crown.

William, Earl of Cambridge. Alice, wife of Richard Fitz-Gilbert,

descendant of the aforementioned Gilbert de Brionne, ancestor of the

Clares, Earls of Gloucester and Hertford. Agnes, the wife of Robert

de Grentemesnil.




1. Robert
2. Gilbert
3. Beatrice

WILLIAM, LORD MALET, a Norman Baron, one of the generals and

companions of William the Conqueror, said to have been the brother

of King Harold's wife, and to have been entrusted with the guard of

Harold's body after he had been slain on the battlefield. After the

conquest he was made governor of York Castle and was slain in its

defense about 1071.


m. ______

1. Robert


m. ______

1. William

ROBERT MALET who before 1130 acquired the barony of Curry Mater in

co. Somerset died before 1155.


m. ______

1. Gilbert

WILLIAM MALET, baron of Curry Malet, who had other estates as well

in Sussex, Surrey, Kent and Suffolk was steward to King Henry II

died in 1169/70.


m. ALICE PICOT (daughter of Ralph Picot)

1. William

GILBERT MALET was also steward to King Henry II and baron of Curry



m. MABEL BASSET (daughter of Thomas Basset of Headington)

1. Hugh
2. William
3. Mabel
4. Hawise
5. Bertha

WILLIAM MALET, the Surety, who was mentioned in 1194 as a minor, in

connection with an expedition made that year into Normandy had his

principal estate of Curry-Malet. From 1210 to 1214 he was sheriff of

the counties of Somerset and Dorset. When he joined the Barons

against King John and became one of the Sureties his lands in four

counties were confiscated and given to his son in law Hugh de

Vivonia, and to his father in law Thomas Basset, and Malet was

excommunicated by the Pope in 1216. He was also fined two thousand

marks, but this remained unpaid until after his death, and, at that

time one thousand marks were remitted, being found due to him for

military service to King John in Poitou. It is of interest to note

that there were five contemporary relatives named William Malet and

they all held lands in England or in Jersey. He died about 1217.


Richard fitz Gilbert was the Chief Justice of England and the

founder of the House of Clare in England. He was the eldest son of

Gislebert (Gilbert), Count of Eu and Brionne, a descendant of

Emperor Charlemagne. Richard fitz Gilbert accompanied his

half-brother Duke William II of Normandy into England during the

Norman Invasion. At the time of the "Domesday Book" survey, he was

called Richard de Tonebruge. He had thirty-eight lordships in

Surrey, thirty-five in Essex, three in Cambridgeshire, with some

others in Wilts and Devon, and ninety-five in Suffolk, among those

was Clare, which became the chief seat of the family, whence he was

known as Richard de Clare and his descendants assumed the title of

Earls of Clare1.

Richard married Rohese Giffard of Bolebec, daughter of Walter

Giffard de Bolebec, Earl of Buckingham, granddaughter of Osborne de

Bolebec, Lord of Bolebec, and granddaughter of his wife, Aveline [or

Wevie], sister of Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy1. Gunnora was the

second wife of Richard I "The Fearless" Duke of Normandy, and was

great-grandmother of William the Conquorer. Gunnora had two sisters,

Aveline and Wevie, one of whom (authorities disagree as to which

one) married Osborn Giffard2.

Richard fitz Gilbert's mother, Herleve, daughter of Fulbert the

tanner, came from Falaise and rose to a prominent status in French

nobility despite her ordinary upbringing. At the age of 16 she met

Gilbert, Count of Brionne, who fathered Richard fitz Gilbert with

her. A year or so later, she gave birth to William the Conqueror,

who was fathered by Robert "The Devil" Duke of Normandy. Shortly

before Duke Robert's death in 1035, she was persuaded by him to

marry Herluin, Viscount of Conteville. By him she bore two sons,

Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, and Robert, Count of Mortain. Both men, along

with Richard fitz Gilbert, accompanied William the Conqueror and

played major roles in the conquest of England3.

Richard fitz Gilbert is listed in the "Domesday Book" as "Ricardus

Filius Gisleberti Comitis", and K.S.B. Keats-Rohan in Domesday

People writes he was a "Norman, son of Gilbert count of Brionne, a

kinsman of William the Conqueror, and brother of Baldwin de

Meulles... He married Rohais, daughter of Walter I Giffard, and had

issue by her Roger, Gilbert, Walter, Robert and Richard, a monk of

Bec later abbot of Ely, Rohais, wife of Eudo Dapifer and Adelisa,

wife of Walter Tirel de Poix"4. Baldwin de Meulles is listed in the

"Domesday Book" as "Balsuin Vicecomes," and whose mother was

Constance de Eu.

Rohese Giffard, Richard's wife, is also listed in the "Domesday

Book" as "Rohais Uxor Ricardi Filii Gisleberti," a landholder in her

own right and one of the few wives represented, which probably

reflects the status of Richard de Clare. Rohese Giffard's father

"Walter Giffard" is also listed in the "Domesday Book, as is

Richard's half-brothers; Odo, Bishop of Bayeux as "Odo Episcopus

Baiocensis," Robert, Count of Mortain as "Robert Comes De

Moritonie," and King William I (aka William the Conqueror) as

"Willelm Rex"4.

Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare was Alice de Vere's great grandfather,

and so Roger fitz Richard's and her descendants share Alice's

kinship to the Dukes of Normandy (including William the Conqueror)

and Charlemagne (aka Charles the Great). Noteworthy is Richard fitz

Gilbert's 2nd great-grandson, Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford,

who was one of the twenty-five Surety Barons for the enforcement of

the Magna Carta of 1215, which obtained concessions from King John

that led to the rule of constitutional law today. The Magna Carta

required the king to renounce certain rights, respect certain legal

procedures, and accept that the will of the king could be bound by


Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Clare



m. ______

1. Richard FitzGilbert


m. ROHESE GIFFARD DE BOLEBEC (daughter of Waiter Giffard de Bolebec)

1. Robert FitzRichard
2. Alice married William de Percie
3. Gilbert de Tonebruge

RICHARD FITZGILBERT, a lawyer and Chief Justice of England, before

1035, was the founder of the House of Clare in England. He

accompanied Duke William into England, and later held one hundred

seventy-six lordships or manors. One of these lordships was that of

Glare, in co. Suffolk which, becoming his chief seat, caused him to

be styled RICHARD DE CLARE and his descendants known as Earls of

Clare. He fell in a skirmish with the Welsh in 1090.


m. ADELIZA DE CLERMONT (daughter of Hugh, Count of Clermont and


1. Adeliza married Alberic de Vere (SEE DE VERE LINEAGE)
2. Richard FitzGilbert de Glare

GILBERT DE TONEBRUGE was born before 1066, he appears to have joined

in the rebellion against King William Rufus, and lost his castle of

Tonebrudge and, dying shortly afterwards, in 1114 or 1117, a

munificient benefactor of the church, he was survived by his widow.


m. ADELIZA DE MESGHINES (daughter of Ranulph de Meschines, Earl of


1. Gilbert
2. Roger

RICHARD FITZGILBERT DE CLARE was born before 1105. He invaded Wales

with an army and became lord of vast possessions there by power of

his sword , but finally was slain in a skirmish with a few Welsh

yoemen, near Abergavenny on April 15, 1136.


m. MAUD DE ST. HILLARY (daughter of James de St. Hillary)

1. Richard

ROGER DE CLARE was born before 1116. In 1164, he assisted with the

Constitutions of Clarendon. This Earl who, from his munificence to

the Church and his numerous acts of piety, was called the "good Earl

of Hereford", died in 1173.


Richard Earle of Pembroch, surnamed Strongbowe, of the house of


House of Aubigny Scotland

Birth of William d'Aubigny, 4th Earl of Arundel, son of William

d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel and Mabel of Chester

Anglo-Norman House of Glanville

William de Albini

Counts and dukes of Alençon - House of Bellême

House of Bellême

* William I Talvas
* Roger of Montgomery, count of Alençon (died 1094)
* William Talvas, lord of Bellême (until 1113), Count of

Ponthieu, Sées, and Alençon (died 1171)
* John I, count of Alençon
* John II, count of Alençon (died 1191)
* Robert I, count of Alençon (died c. 1217)
Yves I (Ivo) de


Lord of Bellême, living 1005.

Yves was the first known lord of Bellême, south of Normandy, a

powerful lordship during the late tenth and eleventh centuries which

eventually passed to heiresses in the late eleventh century. He was

succeeded at some time after 1005 by his son Guillaume, and his son

Yves II also became lord of Bellême (in succession to Guillaume's

son Robert). As discussed below in the Commentary section, the

origin of this family is a difficult problem which has not yet been

definitively settled.

Gervase of the house of Belleme


Geoffrey Bohun/Petrolina de Arderne Resided in Penmynydd, Anglesey,


John Bohun/Avelina de Ros Reported to be step-siblings. Secondary

sources, however, indicate that their mother was Anne Halsham,

making them half- siblings. Whatever the case, it is clear that they

were married to one another. John, as a younger son, had no

inherited title and moved to Wales.

Sir John de Bohun/Anne Halsham Resided in Rockingham Castle,

Northants, England. He was never called to Parliament in recognition

of his Barony.

Sir John de Bohun/Cicely Filliol Baron by writ of lands in England

and Ireland. He was in the retinue of the Earl of Arundel during the

French Wars. He was a member of Parliament as Baron of Midhurst.

James de Bohn/Joan de Braose Resided in Ballymadden. He held lands

in Ireland and England by inheritance from his mother and father.

She was the daughter of William, Lord of Bramber and Gower, Wales.

(see her lineage below)

John de Bohun/Joan de la Chapplle He was the Sealer of Writs for

King Edward I. She was the daughter of William de la Chapplle,

Sergeant of the King's Chapel.

Franco de Bohun/Sibyl de Ferrers She was the daughter of William de

Ferrers, Earl of Derby. He was "Lord of Midhurst, Ford," and the

Sealer of Writs to King Henry III. (see her lineage below)

Ralph de Bohun/Saveric Fitz Geoffrey She was the Countess of

Ballymadden. He was the Earl of Midhurst, Ford, Rustington, and

Sussex. He was accompanied by his brother-in-law, William Fitz

Geoffrey on a pilgrimage to St. James, Campostella, Spain, and spent

several years there; notice the name of his son, Franco.


(Note: This section establishes a Lavergne connection to William

Marshall, a signer and co-author of the Magna Carta.)

James de Bohun/Joan de Braose Resided in Ballymadden. He held lands

in Ireland and England by inheritance from his mother and father.

(see his lineage above)

William de Brasoe He was Lord of Bramber and Gower.

Piers de Braose

William de Braose/Eva Marshall He was the Sixth Baron of Brecknock,

Lord of Avergavenny.

Sir William Marshall/Isabelle de Clare He was the Third Earl of

Pembroke, Marshall of England, Protector of the Realm. Named in the

Magna Carta as Regent of the Kingdom, he served from 1216-1219.

John Marshall/Sibyl, sister of Patrick, Earl of Salsbury


(Note: This is to establish a connection of the Lavergne Family to

the Norman Invasion.)

Ralph de Bohun/Saveric Fitz Geoffrey | sisters (The end of a direct

lineage.) | Henry de Bohun/Maud Fitz Geoffrey What follows is no

longer a direct lineage, however, it is within the House of Bohun

and is of vast historical significance. She was the Countess of

Essex. He was the First Earl of Hereford, Sheriff of Kent, and

hereditary Constable of England. He was also the Magna Carta Surety

in 1215. He was born in 1176 and died on 1 June 1220 while on a

pilgrimage to the Holy Land. She died on 27 August 1236.

Humphrey IV de Bohun/Margaret ---- In 1146, this Humphrey assumed

the title of Earl of Hereford at the death of his grandfather, Milo

of Glouchester. However, he died before his father, hence, his title

was never confirmed. She was the daughter of Henry, Earl of

Huntington, the son of David King of Scotland and Maud de Walthe, a

grandniece of William the Conqueror.

Humphrey III de Bohun/Margaret ---- Residents of Lanthony,

Glouchester. Her father had daughters only and following his death,

the title and estates descended to the House of Bohun.

Humphrey II (The Great) de Bohun/Maude de Salsbury He founded the

priory of Farleigh and served as Steward to King Henry I. He was

also called "Humphrey the Great." Her father was Edward d'Evereau,

Lord of Salsbury.

Humphrey I de Bohun/Ealgith, sister of Ranulf of Bayeaux He

accompanied William the Conqueror's forces during the Normandy

Invasion of the British Isles in 1066. After the epic Battle of

Hastings he was rewarded with the title of Lord of Waterford


BOHUN, the name of a family which plays an important part in English

history during the r3th and 4th centuries; it was taken from a

village situated in the Cotentin between Coutances and the estuary

of the Vire. The Bohuns came into England at, or shortly after, the

Norman Conquest; but their early history there is obscure. The

founder of their greatness was Humphrey III., who in the latter

years of Henry I., makes his appearance as a dapifer, or steward, in

the royal household. He married the daughter of Milo of Gloucester,

and played an ambiguous part in Stephen's reign, siding at first

with the king and afterwards with the empress. Humphrey III. lived

until 1187, but his history is uneventful. He remained loyal to

Henry II. through all changes, and fought in 1173 at Farnham against

the rebels of East Anglia. Outliving his eldest son, Humphrey IV.,

he was succeeded in the family estates by his grandson Henry. Henry

was connected with the royal house of Scotland through his mother

Margaret, a sister of William the Lion; an alliance which no doubt

assisted him to obtain the earldom of Hereford from John (1199). The

lands of the family lay chiefly on the Welsh Marches, and from this

date the Bohuns take a foremost place among the Marcher barons.

Henry de Bohun figures with the earls of Clare and Gloucester among

the twenty-five barons who were elected by their fellows to enforce

the terms of the Great Charter. In the subsequent civil war he

fought on the side of Louis, and was captured at the battle of

Lincoln (1217). He took the cross in the same year and died on his

pilgrimage (June 1, 1220). Humphrey V., his son and heir, returned

to the path of loyalty, and was permitted, some time before 1239, to

inherit the earldom of Essex from his maternal uncle, William de

Mandeville. But in 1258 this Humphrey fell away, like his father,

from the royal to the baronial cause. He served as a nominee of the

opposition on the committee of twenty-four which was appointed, in

the Oxford parliament of that year, to reform the administration. It

was only the alliance of Montfort with Llewelyn of North Wales that

brought the earl of Hereford back to his allegiance. Humphrey V.

headed the first secession of the Welsh Marchers from the party of

the opposition (1263), and was amongst the captives whom the

Montfortians took at Lewes. The earl's son and namesake was on the

victorious side, and shared in the defeat of Evesham, which he did

not long survive. Humphrey V. was, therefore, naturally selected as

one of the twelve arbitrators to draw up the ban of Kenilworth

(1266), by which the disinherited rebels were allowed to make their

peace. Dying in 1275, he was succeeded by his grandson Humphrey VII.

This Bohun lives in history as one of the recalcitrant barons of the

year 1297, who extorted from Edward I. the Confirmatio Cartarum.

The motives of the earl's defiance were not altogether

disinterested. He had suffered twice from the chicanery of Edward's

lawyers; in 1284 when a dispute between himself and the royal

favourite, John Giffard, was decided in the latter's favour; and

again in 1292 when he was punished with temporary imprisonment and

sequestration for a technical, and apparently unwitting, contempt of

the king's court. In company, therefore, with the earl of Norfolk he

refused to render foreign service in Gascony, on the plea that they

were only bound to serve with the king, who was himself bound for

Flanders. Their attitude brought to a head the general discontent

which Edward had excited by his arbitrary taxation; and Edward was

obliged to make a surrender on all the subjects of complaint. At

Falkirk (1298) Humphrey VII. redeemed his character for loyalty. His

son, Humphrey VIII., who succeeded him in the same year, was allowed

to marry one of the king's daughters, Eleanor, the widowed countess

of Holland (1302). This close connexion with the royal house did not

prevent him, as it did not prevent Earl Thomas of Lancaster, from

joining the opposition to the feeble Edward II. In 1310 Humphrey

VIII. figured among the Lords Ordainers; though, with more

patriotism than some of his fellow-commissioners, he afterwards

followed the king to Bannockburn. He was taken captive in the

battle, but exchanged for the wife of Robert Bruce. Subsequently he

returned to the cause of his order, and fell on the side of Earl

Thomas at the field of Boroughbridge (1322). With him, as with his

father, the politics of the Marches had been the main consideration;

his final change of side was due to jealousy of the younger

Despenser, whose lordship of Glamorgan was too great for the comfort

of the Bohuns in Brecon. With the death of Humphrey VIII. the

fortunes of the family enter on a more peaceful stage. Earl John (d.

1335) was inconspicuous; Humphrey IX. (d. 1361) merely distinguished

himself as a captain in the Breton campaigns of the Hundred Years'

War, winning the victories of Morlaix (1342) and La Roche Derrien

(1347). His nephew and heir, Humphrey X., who inherited the earldom

of Northampton from his father, was territorially the most important

representative of the Bohuns. But the male line was extinguished by

his death (1373). The three earldoms and the broad lands of the

Bohuns were divided between two co-heiresses. Both married members

of the royal house. The elder, Eleanor, was given in 1374 to Thomas

of Woodstock, seventh son of Edward III.; the younger, Mary, to

Henry, earl of Derby, son of John of Gaunt and afterwards Henry IV.,

in 1380 or 1381. From these two marriages sprang the houses of

Lancaster and Stafford.

Roger Mortimer

The Mortimers were descended from Roger de Mortemer of

Mortemer-sur-Eaulane in Normandy, a supporter of William the

Conqueror. Their main castle was at Wigmore, eight miles west of

Ludlow. They had lands mainly in Herefordshire and Shropshire,

including Cleobury (Mortimer) on the edge of the hunting forest of

Wyre. By marriage to Joanna de Geneville, a later Roger Mortimer

(1287-1330) secured possession of Ludlow Castle. This became the

family's principal power base for the next six generations.

Roger Mortimer & Queen Isabella

Roger Mortimer was a very powerful and ambitious Marcher Lord. He

was the first of several members of his family to attempt to seize

the throne of England. He fought the Scottish Wars and made attempts

to remove the King's favorites, at first with some success. In 1323

he was imprisoned in the Tower of London, but escaped to France, an

event he later commemorated by building St Peter's chapel in the

outer bailey of Ludlow Castle.

In France, Mortimer formed an alliance with Queen Isabella, who had

deserted her effeminate husband, King Edward II of England. They

raised an army, invaded England and forced Edward to abdicate in

favor of his youngest son, the future Edward III. Mortimer

entertained Isabella at his castles on the Welsh borders and they

became famous lovers. Meanwhile, Edward II was cruelly murdered at

Berkeley Castle in 1327.

Following Edward's death, Mortimer, acting as regent, was the

virtual ruler of England, but he over-reached himself and aroused

the anger of other barons. In October 1330 he was arrested at

Nottingham and sentenced to death. He was executed at Tyburn in


Later, the ambitions of the Mortimers became part of the great

dynastic struggles of the mid-15th century which became known as the

"War of the Roses."

In his 1834 book on the Earls of Arundel, M. A. Tierney (Chaplain to

the Duke of Norfolk) maintains that the first incarnation of the

Earldom was with the House of Montgomery. Roger of Montgomery, 1st

Earl of Shrewsbury was one of William the Conqueror's top generals,

and William bestowed on him, amongst several hundred other manors,

the property at Arundel, with the charge to fortify it with a

castle. Montgomery is believed to have built the motte that survives

to this day, and is thought to have built a wooden keep on it,

overlooking the river Arun. Montgomery and two of his sons are

counted by many as being the first incarnation of the Earldom, but

are often not counted amongst the Earls.


Allegedly descended from the house of Montgomery in Normandy through

a companion of the Conqueror, the Scottish house of Montgomerie is

traced to Robert of Montgomerie, who obtained Eaglesham from Walter

the First Stewart of Scotland, and died in 1177. Alexander

Montgomerie of Eaglesham, son-in-law of the first earl of Douglas,

died in 1380 and was succeeded by Sir John Montgomerie, who married

the heiress of Lord Eglinton, died in 1398. All descendants of his

eldest son John Montgomerie of Ardrossan († 1428) share a quarter of

France in their arms. This includes the main line from the second

John's eldest son Alexander, created baron of Montgomerie ca. 1445

(† 1470), from whom are descended the earls of Eglinton and the

(extinct) earls of Mount-Alexander, as well as the Montgomeries of

Skermorlie. A grandson of Alexander, Robert, went to France in the

early 16th c., and became seigneur des Lorges. His arms were

quarterly, gules three escallop-shells or, and Azure three

fleurs-de-lis or. His son Jacques bought the original land of

Montgomery in Normandy in 1543, and eventually became captain of the

King's elite Scottish Guards; Jacques' son Gabriel accidently killed

the king of France Henri II in a tournament in 1559 and was executed

in 1574 on officially unrelated charges of treason (he had converted

to Protestantism and taken up arms against the king); his descent

died in 1721.

The present earls of Eglinton bear a quarterly of Montgomery and

Seton, with Montgomery itself being quarterly Montgomery (azure

three fleurs-de-lis or) and Eglinton (gules three annulets or stoned

azure) within a bordure or charged with a Royal Tressure of Scotland

(double tressure flory-counterflory gules). The Montgomeries of

Eglinton had born this quartered coat since Alexander, first baron

of Montgomerie, on a seal dated 1457. Only two earlier seals are

known. The oldest, from around 1170, belonged to John of Montgomery

of Eglesham, and it shows a fleur-de-lis flory, but not within a

shield. Sir John Montgomerie, his descendant, who married the

heiress of Lord Eglinton, bore on his seal of 1392 an annulet stoned

between three fleurs-de-lis, no doubt a form of marshalling (both

seals are in Macdonald, the second one is also in the Catalogue of

Seals in the British Museum). It appears, then, that the arms of

Montgomery probably precede the adoption of the three fleurs-de-lis

by France ca. 1376 (which hitherto bore a semy).

The Scottish Order of the Knights Templar was one of Royal

appointment, an Honour presented by the Royal Court. Only limited

families were accepted into the Order and at the head of the

organization were the heads of three families, seen to be of senior

representation of the original Scottish Knights. These three

families were: the House of Stewart; The House of Sinclair; and The

House of Seton; the which families were also recognized as

representatives of the Carolingian bloodline.

In later years, the Scottish Knights Templar formed a Regiment for

foreign service, into what became known as the Scots Guard, or "le

Garde Ecossais en France". One of the families which were prominent

in this Scots Guard, were the Seton family. The Scots Guard were

the Guard of the French kings and fought with honour for that

country in the wars across Europe and against England. “It

contained within its ranks the great names of Scotland, such as the

Setons, the Montgomeries, the Hays, the Hamiltons, the Sinclairs,

the Douglases, and the Stuarts and was subse­quently a supporter of

the Stuart cause."

the Viking Sinclairs, a Sinclair (the Anglicized form of "St.
Clair") settlement...and hub of Scottish Freemasonry. Henry

Sinclair, joined Godfrey de Bouillon on the first Crusade.

Rollo/Sinclair line. the royal Sinclairs and the
elite Bouillon family were formed at the invasion of England (i.e.
Battle of Hastings). But by that time, Guiscard was already in
Italy, and had already formed ties with the Vatican on that front.
Always keep in mind that these momentary lights were not the heroes
that they considered themselves, but beasts fit only to be captured
and punished. the Sinclair/Norman king of England, Henry I, who,

because he had married yet another daughter of queen Margaret, thus

had a possible motive for not seeing Eustace III (who also married a

daughter of Margaret) on the Jerusalem throne. Rollo/Sinclair blood,

the Norman Sinclairs, The Scottish house of Sinclair, although not

achieving royal status,
went on to great wealth and power, even organizing the infamous
Freemason brotherhood out of stone masons (Freemasonry was the
formation of smokescreen churches i.e. "lodges" which allowed
memberships of non stone workers for use in power-politics and
social engineering). Prior to the Freemason period, the Templars had
been stone workers in building castles, forts, and cathedrals (the
cathedrals were often esoteric monuments intended more for power-
grabbing than for religious worship).

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